Civil War History As Told by Its Battlefield Monuments and Historical Markers
From 1861 to 1865 great armies fought in a terrible Civil War for competing visions of America. The places they clashed - Gettysburg, Antietam, The Wilderness - are written in blood in our nation's history. Today the armies are long gone, but they left behind sentinels that guard their memory, messages carved in stone for future generations.
Stone Sentinels tours the battlefield monuments and historical markers that tell the story of America's Civil War in the East. There are photographs of each monument and marker. Inscriptions from the monuments are provided as live text. Maps locate them on the battlefield, and background information puts them into context and helps fill in their story.
On July 9, 1864, a hastily assembled force of 5,800 men under Union Major General Lew Wallace tried to stop 18,000 Confederates under Lieutenant General Jubal Early from marching to Washington D.C. After a hard fight they were defeated and retreated in some disorder back to Baltimore. But the day's delay they bought enabled veteran reinforcements from Grant's army around Petersburg to reach Washington, and Early's men returned to Virginia after sending bullets singing past the head of President Lincoln. Take a tour through a battlefield park that has grown quite a bit in the last twenty years in a beautiful setting outside Frederick, Maryland.
On July 30, 1864 Grant tried to break the stalemate in the trenches around Petersburg. In an incredible engineering exploit Pennsylvania coal miners dug a tunnel over 500 feet under Confederate defences and detonated 8,000 pounds of explosive. But the resulting attack by Ambrose Burnside's Ninth Corps was, in Grant's own words, "the saddest affair I have witnessed this war." A masterful counterattack by Confederate Brigadier General William Mahone threw back or wiped out the attackers and made his reputation as a hard-hitting division commander in the last year of the war. Learn the details and take a tour of the battlefield among the earthworks of the Siege of Petersburg.